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Shintokiwa

Shintokiwa Long-Fruited Cucumber OG/BD

(62 days) Open-pollinated. Tom Vigue and Adam Tomash both highly recommend this productive smooth-skinned long slender cucumber that first surfaced in the Turtle Tree catalog. The hands-down winner at Tomash’s trial, combining looks, health and flavor. Rated by Tomash as superior to the Suhyo cultivars with better uniformity, fewer defective bottoms and more resistance to BW. The fruits, averaging 9–10" and growing up to an edible size of 1' in good fertility, are sweet, crisp and juicy without bitterness. One trial taster described their flavor as “flowery, buttery and delicious.” Robert Wasserman of Wasserman Family Farm in Corrales, NM, reports that they have a faithful following at the growers’ market—even among little kids. Editor Elisabeth Benjamin’s favorite for fermented pickles.
Item Discounted
Price
1396A: 1g for $1.90  
1396B: 4g for $5.50  
1396C: 16g for $16.00  
1396D: 48g for $36.00  
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Additional Information

Long-fruited Types

Asian cukes are more resistant to CMV than other types.

For really straight fruit, consider trellising your cukes. Adam Tomash and June Zellers grow theirs on a 5' arch made from cattle panel, a welded wire material with big holes. They explain this trellis system in an article in the MOF&G winter 2008-9 edition.

Cucumbers

Cucumis sativus 116 oz packet sows 11 ft; 1 oz, about 180 ft. About 35 seeds/g; 116 oz packet avg 65 seeds, 1,000 seeds/oz.

Days to maturity are from direct seeding, except where noted.

Culture: May be started indoors for early production, or direct-seeded. Very tender, will not survive frost. Direct seed 3" apart thinning to 1' apart in rows 4-6' apart or 6 per mound in hills 4' apart thinning to 3 best plants. Transplant 1' apart in rows 4-6' apart. Cucumbers require good fertility and regular rain or irrigation for abundant yields. Without adequate water, fruits will be misshapen and bitter.

Combat striped cucumber beetles by handpicking early AM when the dew makes them sluggish, or use floating row covers, removing when cukes flower. Cucumber beetles are the vector for BW. Pick cukes frequently for best production, or else the plants shut down. Make sure to remove blimps to the compost pile.

Using compost in conjunction with row covers (rather than either alone) increased cucumber yields at the University of Michigan.

Parthenocarpic varieties (1214, 1239, 1380, 1392) can set fruit without being pollinated, an advantage in cold cloudy summers. Gynoecious varieties (1214, 1232, 1328) produce almost exclusively female flowers for uniformity and high yields.

Do not sow in cold soil. Minimum germination temperature 60°, optimal range 65–95°, optimal temperature 90°. Emergence takes 13 days at 59°, 6 days at 68°, 4 days at 77°.

Diseases:

  • ALS: Alternaria Leaf Spot
  • ANTH: Anthracnose
  • BW: Bacterial Wilt
  • CMV: Cucumber Mosaic Virus
  • CVYV: Cucumber Vein Yellow Virus
  • DM: Downy Mildew
  • PM: Powdery Mildew
  • PRSV: Papaya Ring Spot Virus
  • R: Rust
  • WMV: Watermelon Mosaic Virus
  • ZYMV: Zucchini Yellows Mosaic Virus

Pest: Striped Cucumber Beetle
Cultural controls: use tolerant or resistant varieties, rotate crops, till under crop debris soon after harvest, use floating row covers until flowers appear, use plastic mulch, perimeter trap cropping (Black Zucchini and Blue Hubbard make particularly good trap crops), use yellow sticky strips, hand-pick early morning when beetles are very sluggish.
Materials: Surround, Pyrethrum (PyGanic), Mycotrol.