Cichorium endivia (85 days) Open-pollinated. Also known as Escarole. Although very similar to Broad-Leaved, we liked this strain better for being a little more tender and buttery.
Smooth broad dark green outer leaves with creamy yellow closely bunched center leaves that Fearing Burr described as thick and fleshy in his 1863 Field and Garden Vegetables. Lauded by William Woys Weaver as a good salad green, not bitter.
Especially good as a fall crop; tolerates frost under row cover. Best cooked—one Italian tradition is to braise with white beans, also makes a savory escarole and leek pie. ③
3092 Full Heart Batavian
About 16,000-22,000 seeds/oz.
Culture:Performs best in cool weather, spring or fall. Direct seed every 3 weeks, or start indoors 4 weeks before setting out, and space 1' apart for heads.
Days to maturity are from emergence after direct seeding.
All greens are open-pollinated except where noted.
Culture: When to harvest greens? Research from trials conducted in England and Kenya showed looseleaf lettuce, red chard and arugula harvested in the evening had a longer shelf life than when picked in the morning.
For the latest results of our germination tests, please see the germination page.
Our Seeds are Non-GMO
All of our seeds are non-GMO, and free of neonicotinoids and fungicides. Fedco is one of the original companies to sign the Safe Seed Pledge.