Abies balsamea45-75' One of the most abundant of our native conifers.
Narrow, conical, smooth-barked. Twigs, inner bark, needles and sap are all medicinal. Small “blisters” contain a transparent aromatic resin that has been traditionally used as an inhalant for headaches and congestion, and as a salve for cuts and arthritis. Needle tea is rich in vitamin C.
The fragrant boughs are a favorite for wreaths; the needles used in scented pillows and potpourri. The best of all conifers for a Christmas tree!
Prefers well-drained moist acid soil. Avoid polluted areas. Semi-shade tolerant, slow growing. Good hedge or specimen tree, songbird nesting area or rabbit thicket. Native from Labrador to upper eastern U.S. Z3.
458 Balsam Fir
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Evergreens tolerate a wide range of soil conditions, but prefer a pH between 5.5–6.5. Young conifers need ¾–1" of rain per week. Periodic deep waterings are far more beneficial than frequent sprinklings. No fertilization is necessary in the first year.