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Variety Descriptions & Catalog Codes

Variety Descriptions by CR Lawn
• Seek selections suitable for your use: home consumption, market or CSA.
• Be observant and aware: farming and gardening are more art than science.
• Microclimate, soil type and cultural practices greatly affect performance.
• Marketers: trial new varieties on a small scale before fully committing.

Disease Tolerance & Resistance - As a guide to growers we include information provided by our suppliers. These are not guarantees.
• Even tolerant or resistant cultivars may be harmed in unusual conditions.
• Actual field performance depends on climate, weather and cultural practices which we cannot control.
• Many older cultivars, though unrated for disease tolerance/resistance, have proven adapted to a variety of conditions.
Following are abbreviations that appear after some variety descriptions. A number after the abbreviation indicates which race of pathogen:

ALTS Alternaria Leaf Spot
ANTH Anthracnose
ASC Alternaria Stem Canker
BLS Bacterial Leaf Spot
BR Black Rot
BS Bacterial Speck
BSR Bacterial Soft Rot
BW Bacterial Wilt
CBMV Common Bean Mosaic Virus
CLS Cercospora Leaf Spot
CMV Cucumber Mosaic Virus
CTV Curly Top Virus
DM Downy Mildew
EB Early Blight
F Fusarium
FY Fusarium Yellows
GLS Grey Leaf Spot
HB Halo Blight
LB Late Blight
LMV Lettuce Mosiac Virus
LS Leaf Spot
MDMV Maize Dwarf Mosiac Virus
N Nematodes
NCLB Northern Corn Leaf Blight
NY 15 NY 15 Mosaic Virus
P Pythium
PEMV Pea Enation Mosaic Virus
PLR Pea Leaf Roll
PM Powdery Mildew
PR Pink Rot
PRSV Papaya Ring Spot Virus
R Rust
SC Sclerotinia
SCLB Southern Corn Leaf Blight
SEPT Septoria Leaf Spot
ST Stewart’s Wilt
TB Tipburn
TMV Tobacco Mosaic Virus
V Verticillium
W Common Wilt race 1
WMV Watermelon Mosaic Virus
X Xanthemonas
ZYMV Zucchini Yellows Mosaic Virus

OG after cultivar name = entire lot is certified-organic seed.
ECO after cultivar name = entire lot is sustainably grown seed.
BD after cultivar name = entire lot is biodynamically grown seed.
PVP = Plant Variety Protected. Unauthorized propagation of the seed is prohibited. The use of PVP in the catalog is for informational purposes only and in no way constitutes an endorsement by Fedco of plant patenting.
AAS = All-America Selection.
indicates cold-hardy through at least part of the Maine winter.
= a variety introduced by Fedco followed by the year first offered.

Basic Definitions
Open-pollinated varieties will grow true to type when randomly mated within their own variety. Provided your plants have been properly isolated from different varieties of the same species, seed saved from these plants will breed true.
Hybrid varieties are those produced from the crossing of two different inbred lines. Seed saved from hybrid varieties will not breed true in the next generation.
• Amongst open-pollinated plants, self-pollinated (selfers) usually reproduce by using their own pollen. Crossers usually reproduce through the transfer of pollen from one plant to a different plant of the same species.
• Botanical nomenclature goes from the general to the specific. Plants are classified into kinds by genus, species, and variety. In Cucurbita pepo Sweet Dumpling, Cucurbita is the genus, pepo is the species and Sweet Dumpling is the variety.

Supplier Codes:
We include supplier codes for each variety. Varieties with more than one supplier may have two or more codes. We code according to our best information at press time. When seed is short we must sometimes change suppliers later in the season. With notable exceptions, we generally choose varieties based on their merits rather than on our supplier preferences. We do not offer genetically engineered varieties, although we purchase from corporations engaged in genetic engineering. Use the supplier codes to help you make your own choices about whom you are supporting and which varieties are best for your garden or farm. Codes are as follows:

Small seed farmers including Fedco staff.
Family-owned companies or cooperatives, domestic and foreign.
Domestic and foreign corporations not part of a larger conglomerate.
Multinationals not to our knowledge engaged in genetic engineering.
Multinationals who are engaged in genetic engineering.

Heldover Seed - Like most other seed merchants, we carry over stock from one year to the next, in any given season between 10–30% of offerings. We test all such lots for viability and discard any in doubt. Last year we identified some varieties where all seed was held over and provided germ-test results for them. This year’s listings are more comprehensive. We think you should know as much as possible about our seed. Heldover seed is not necessarily inferior to fresh seed; we have confidence in all lots we offer. We commission two-year productions of some varieties to decrease our growers’ costs, increase their efficiencies and improve their isolations.

Optimal Germination Guide - Sowing seeds at sub-optimal temperatures is the most common cause of failure. We include information in some headers about ideal germination temperatures, taken and extrapolated from tables in Knott’s Handbook for Vegetable Growers ISBN 0-471-73828X and The New Seed-Starters Handbook by Nancy Bubel, ISBN 0-87857-752-1.

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Fedco Seeds, PO Box 520, Waterville, ME 04903
Main Line (207) 426-9900

Catalog Request Line (207) 426-0090
questions@fedcoseeds.com

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Copyright Fedco Seeds Inc.     November 27, 2013