Cardinale

Cardinale Batavian Lettuce - Organic

(48 days) This alluring wine-red European batavian disappeared from commerce for a while before Frank Morton rescued it. And a worthy rescue it was, for Cardinale is a classic both for baby leaf and full head production. Looks a little like a butterhead-romaine cross, as the open rosettes fold together like a romaine in the center at full maturity. Shiny red leaves on the outside, green in the center, crisp and juicy with some heft. Survived temperatures in the teens in Janine Welsby’s unheated Ohio greenhouse under a double layer of Covertan PRO 19 topped with old bed sheets.


2905 Cardinale - Organic
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Price
A: 1g for $3.20  
B: 4g for $8.40  
C: 14g for $14.50  
D: 28g for $24.00  
E: 112g for $88.00  
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Additional Information

Batavian

Batavians have good hot-weather germination, and excellent heat & cold tolerance.

Lettuce

Lactuca sativa

All lettuce is open-pollinated.
1 gram packet sows 25 ft; 2 grams, 50 ft; 1 oz, 500–700 ft. Varieties average 875 seeds/1g pkt, or 1,750 seeds/2g packet.

Culture: May be started indoors in March and at regular intervals thereafter, or sowed outdoors as soon as ground can be worked. Many varieties won’t germinate in soil temperatures above 75° and most shut down above 80°. Where available, we present data here from a California germination experiment at 84°.

Hardy. All save icebergs tolerate heavy frost. Grow best in cool weather with ample moisture, many kinds suffer bottom rot and tipburn in heat; select summer varieties carefully. Use shade cloth to keep summer lettuce tender and sweet longer. Sesquiterpene lactones produced in the latex render lettuce bitter when it bolts.

Sow every 2 weeks for continuous supply. Lettuce will not head unless thinned frequently and ruthlessly to final distance of 1'. Heavy nitrogen feeders.

Minimum germination soil temperature 35°, optimal range 40–80°.

Days to maturity are from direct seeding.

Diseases:

  • BOR: Bottom Rot
  • DM: Downy Mildew
  • LMV: Lettuce Mosaic Virus
  • PM: Powdery Mildew
  • SC: Sclerotinia
  • TB: Tipburn
  • X: Xanthemonas

Pest: Aster Leafhopper (vector for Aster Yellows disease)
Cultural controls: control perennial broadleaf weeds near lettuce plantings, plow lettuce fields immediately after harvest.

Pest: Slug
Cultural controls: avoid mulch or nearby grassy areas.
Material: Sluggo

Disease: Bottom Rot
Cultural controls: rotate with grass-family green manures, plant in well-drained soil or on raised beds, more upright varieties escape infection.

Diseases: Downy Mildew, Grey Mold, White Mold
Cultural controls: rotation, reduce duration of leaf wetness, plant parallel to prevailing winds, use wide spacing, control weeds, use well-drained fields in spring and fall.
Material: Actinovate