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Cultural Information and Planting
Instructions for Herbs
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Name
item#
Botanical name
ABP
height
uses
part
sow
temp
days
notes
cover
sun
Anise
4406
Pimpinella anisum
A
1-3'
S B M
S
DS
M
7-28
L
PF
Anise Hyssop
4407
Agastache foeniculum
P Z4
2-3'
B M
L F
DW TP
W
7-14
Lt
P
FP
Arnica
4409
A. chamissonis
P Z4
20"
M O
F
TP
C
St
F
Ashwagandha
4411
Withania somnifera
TP/A
2-3'
M
R
TP
M
7-21
Lt
N
FP
Astragalus
4412
A. membranaceus
P Z4
18-48"
M
R
DS TP
M
7-28
Sc Sk
L
F
Basil
4414ff
Ocimum basilicum
TA
8-24"
S E M
L
TP DW
W
4-10
W
R
F
Basil, Sacred
4467
Ocimum sanctum
TA
18-24"
S M
L
TP DW
W
4-10
R
F
Bergamot
4481
Monarda fistulosa
P Z3
3-4'
B M O
L
DS DF
M
7-14
Lt
N
FP
Blessed Thistle
4484
Cnicus benedictus
A
1-2'
M
F L
TP DS
M
7-21
St
L
F
Borage
4491
Borago officinalis
SSA
2-3'
E M O
F L
DS DF
C
7-14
P
FP
Calendula
4911ff
Calendula officinalis
SSA
18-24"
M O
F
DS
M
4-14
R
FP
Caraway
4507
Carum carvi
SSB
2'
S E M
S L
DS
C
F
Catnip
4509
Nepeta cataria
P Z3
1-2'
M B
L
DS DF
M
7-10
Lt
N
F
Chamomile
4511
Matricaria recutita
SSA
8-18"
B M
F
DS
M
10-14
Lt
N
F
Chervil
3044ff
Anthriscus cerefolium
SSB
12-18"
S
L
DS
W
7-14
Lt
L
P(F)
Chives
4512
Allium schoenoprasum
P Z3
1-2'
S M E
L F
DS
C
7-14
L
FP
Cilantro
4517
Coriandrum sativum
A
1-2'
S E M
L S
DS
C
7-14
R
F(P)
Codonopsis
4520
Codonopsis pilosula
P Z4
5-6'
M O
R
TP
M
7-42
N
P(F)
Cumin
4522
Cuminum cyminum
A
1-2'
S M
S
TP
M
7-14
PP
F
Dill
4530ff
Anethum graveolens
SSA
2-5'
S M O
S L
DS
W
7-21
R
F
Echinacea
4545ff
Echinacea spp.
P Z3
1-3'
M O
R F
TP DW
W
14-21
St Lt
L
F
Elecampane
4549
Inula helenium
P Z3
5-8'
M O
R
TP
M
7-10
Lt
N
FP
Fennel
4553ff
Foeniculum vulgare
TP/A
1-3'
S M E
L S
DS
M
7-14
R
F
Feverfew
4572
Tanacetum parthenium
P Z4
18-30"
M O
L
TP DS
M
7-14
Lt
N
FP
Garlic Chives
4577
Allium tuberosum
P Z4
12-18"
S E M
L F
DS
C
7-14
L
FP
Horehound
4580
Marrubium vulgare
P Z3
20-24"
M C
L
TP DS
M
10-21
P
F
Hyssop
4582
Hyssopus officinalis
P Z3
12-18"
M O
L F
TP DF
C
7-21
R
FP
Joe Pye Weed
5150
Eupatorium purpureum
P Z3
5-9'
M O
R
DS DF
M
14-21
St Lt
N
P
Ladyís Mantle
4584
Alchemilla mollis
P Z3
12-18"
M O
L
TP
M
21-30
St Lt
N
FP
Lavender
4585ff
Lavandula angustifolia
P Z5
2-3'
M O
F L
TP DF
W
14-28
St Lt
P
F
Lemongrass
4587
Cymbopogon flexuosus
TP/A
3-4'
S B M
L
TP
W
21-42
L
FP
Lemon Balm
4588
Melissa officinalis
P Z4
1-2'
B M S
L
TP DS
M
7-14
Lt
N
FP
Lemon Mint
4589
Monarda citriodora
SSA
2-3'
B M
L
DS
M
7-21
R
P(F)
Licorice
4590
Glycyrrhiza glabra
P Z4
18-48''
S M B
R
DW TP
M
7-28
Sc Sk
L
F
Lovage
4592
Levisticum officinale
P Z4
3-6'
S M
L
DS DF
M
10-21
R
F(P)
Marjoram
4616
Origanum majorana
TP/A
1-2'
S
L
TP
M
7-21
W
N
F
Marshmallow
4619
Althaea officinalis
P Z4
4-6'
M O
R L
DS DF
C
14-21
St
L
FP
Milk Thistle
4630
Silybum marianum
SSA
3-5'
M E
S F L
DS DF
M
7-14
Lt
L
F
Mint
4632
Mentha spicata
P Z4
12-18"
S B M
L
TP DS
M
7-14
Lt
N
FP
Motherwort
4640
Leonurus cardiaca
P Z3
2-4'
M
L F
DS DF
M
7-21
Lt
L
F
Mustard
4642
Sinapsis alba
A
2-4'
S E M
S
DS
C
7-10
L
F
Nettle, Stinging
4643
Urtica dioica
P Z2
3-6'
E M
L
DS
M
10-14
Lt
R
FP
Oregano, Greek
4648
Origanum heracleoticum
P Z4
6-12"
S M
L
TP
M
7-21
Lt
N
F
Oregano, Zaatar
4649
Origanum syriacum
TP/A
8-24''
S
L
DS TP
M
7-21
N
F
Parsley
3158ff
Petroselinum crispum
B Z3
8-12"
S E M
L
DS DF
M
14-60
Sk
R
FP
Pennyroyal
4651
Mentha pulegium
P Z5
8-12"
M O
L
TP
C
10-14
N
FP
Pleurisy Root
4906
Asclepias tuberosa
P Z3
18-30"
M O
R
DS DF
M
14-28
St
L
F
Rhodiola
4654
Rhodiola rosea
P Z1-5
1-3'
M E
R L
TP
C
14-28
St
P
F
Rosemary
4657
Rosmarinus officinalis
TP Z7
3-5'
S M O
L
TP
M
10-42
St Lt
P
F
Rue
4659
Ruta graveolens
P Z3
2-3'
M O
L
DS TP
M
10-21
R
FP
Sage
4664
Salvia officinalis
P Z4
2-3'
S B M
L
TP DS
W
10-21
Lt
P
F
Sage, White
4666
Salvia apiana
P Z6
2-3'
M C
L
TP
W
14-28
W
L
F
Sagebrush, Silver
4668
Artemisia ludoviciana
P Z4
1-3'
M C
L
DW
M
F
Salad Burnet
4669
Sanguisorba minor
P Z4
1'
E M
L
TP
C
14-28
N
F
Savory, Summer
4672
Satureja hortensis
A
12-18"
S M
L
DS
W
7-14
Lt
R
F
Savory, Winter
4674
Satureja montana
P Z3
6-12"
S M
L
TP
M
10-21
Lt
N
F
Schisandra
4677
Schisandra chinensis
P Z4
15-25'
M E O
B
TP
C
14-60
Sk St
P
P(F)
Shiso
4680
Perilla frutescens
TA
2-3'
S M O
L
TP
W
7-14
Sk St Lt
L
FP
Skullcap, Baikal
4681
Scuttelaria baicalensis
P Z4
1-2'
M O
R
TP
M
14-21
St
P
F
Skullcap, Mad-dog
4682
Scuttelaria lateriflora
P Z4
1-2'
M O
L F
TP
M
14-21
St
P
P
Spilanthes
4683
Spilanthes oleracea
TA
8-12"
M O E
F L
TP
W
4-10
P
F
Stevia
4684
Stevia rebaudiana
TP/A
24"
S
L
TP DW
W
7-21
Lt
L
FP
St Johnswort
4686
Hypericum perforatum
SP Z3
1-3'
M
F L
DS DF
M
14-28
St Lt
N
F
Thyme
4687
Thymus vulgaris
P Z4
6-12"
S M
L
TP
C
14-28
Lt
N
F
Valerian
4689
Valeriana officinalis
P Z4
3-5'
M O
R
DS
M
10-21
St
L
FP
Vervain
4692
Verbena hastata
P Z4
5-6'
M O
R
TP
M
21-28
St Lt
N
F
Woodruff, Sweet
4698
Galium odoratum
P Z5
6-8"
O M S
L
DS DF
C
28-200
P
Sh
Yarrow
4699
Achillea millefolium
P Z2
1-2'
M O C
F L
DS DF
W
10-14
Lt
N
F
  ff=and following
ABP: A=annual, B=biennial, P=perennial, TA= tender annual, SSA=self-sowing annual, SSB=self-sowing biennial, TP=tender perennial, TP/A=tender perennial grown as annual, SP=short-lived perennial, Z=hardiness zone.
height: typical height at maturity.
uses: S=seasoning, B=beverage, M=medicine, O=ornamental, E=edible, C=ceremony.
part: part that is used: S=seed, L=leaf, F=flower, R=root.
sow: DS=direct sow in spring ASAP, DW=direct sow when soil has warmed or after danger of frost has passed, TP=transplant, DF=direct sow in fall. Nearly any herb can be started indoors and transplanted, but this tends to be more work; TP means this method is strongly suggested for best results. Many perennials can be started in early summer indoors or out; they take several years to mature anyway, whatís a few months?
temp: suggested soil temperatures for good germination: C=cool, 60-65°, M=moderate, 65-70°, W=warm, 70-85°.
days: number of days to seedling emergence.
cover: L=cover lightly, P=pat down gently, R=rake or scuffle into soil, N=no, donít cover.
notes: Lt=needs light to germinate, Sc=scarify seed with sandpaper or emery board, Sk=soak seed 12-24 hrs, PP=start in peat pots and take care not to disturb root in transplanting, W=water sparingly, St=stratify seed; place in moist soil and freeze or refrigerate or alternate between the fridge and freezer. Nearly any herb requiring stratification can be fall-sown in a cold frameóthe winter does the work for you!
sun: F=full sun, P=part sun, FP=prefers full but tolerates part, PF=prefers part but tolerates full, Sh=shade, P(F)=prefers part, tolerates full only in cool or moist areas,
F(P)=prefers full sun, needs part shade in hot climates.
 
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