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Flowers at a Glance
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Name
item#
Botanical Name
APB
height
uses
season
sow
start
temp
days
notes
Achillea
4802ff
Achillea spp.
P
18-24"
BDC
ES-F
DS DF TP
8-10
C
10-14
Lt
Acroclinum
4807
Helipterum roseum
A
2'
DCB
MS-F
DW TP
8-9
C
14-21
 
Ageratum
4811ff
A. houstonianum
A
8",24"
BCD
ES-F
TP
6-8
W
4-6
PsS
Alyssum
4821
Lobularia maritima
A
2-4"
FBW
ES-F*
DS TP
8-9
55-70
8-14
PsS
Amaranth Love-Lies-Bleeding
4831
Amaranthus caudatus
A
24-48"
BND
MS-F
TP
5-6
W
7-10
PP
Amaranth
4833ff
A. cruentus
A
3-5'
CND
MS-F
TP DS
6-7
W
10-14
PsLt
Ammi Majus
4843
A. majus
A
3-4'
C
ES-LS
TP DS
8-10
M
7-14
Ch2w
Aster, New York
4849
Aster nova-belgii
P
36-48"
B
LS-F*
TP
6-8
M
14-36
Ch2w
Aster, China
4851ff
Callistephus chinensis
A
12-30"
BC
ES-F
TP
12-14
W
10-21
Ps
Baby’s Breath
4861
Gypsophila paniculata
P
24-40"
BDC
MS-LS
TP DS
8-10
M
14-21
S
Bachelor’s Button
4871ff
Centaurea cyanus
A
24-36"
BC
ES-F*
DW TP
8-9
C
7-14
PsCv
Balloon Flower
4881
Platycodon grandiflorum
P
30-42"
CB
MS-LS
TP
6-8
M
15-30
S
Balsam
4883
Impatiens balsamina
A
24"
B
MS-F
DW
W
8-10
PsS
Bee Balm
4886
Monarda didyma
P
30"
BCD
MS-LS
DS TP
8-10
C
14-21
PsS, Lt
Begonia
4889
B. x tuberhybrida
A
8-12"
BW
ES-LS
TP
12-14
W
14-28
Fs
Bellflower
4893
Campanula carpatica
P
6-10"
B
ES-F
TP
6-8
C
7-21
Ps
Bells of Ireland
4896
Moluccella laevis
A
30"
DBN
MS-F
TP
6-8
C
12-21
PsS, Ch5d50°
Blazing Stars
4899
Liatrus spicata
P
18"
BCD
LS
DS TP
6-8
C
21-28
 
Bouncing Bet
4901
Saponaria officinalis
P
36"
BGF
MS
TP
8-10
M
14-28
PsSt
Bupleurum
4903
B. griffithii
A
2'
DCN
ES-F
TP
8-10
C
14-21
Ps
Butterfly Weed
4906
Asclepias tuberosa
P
18-30"
BCN
ES-LS
DS DF
W
14-28
Ch4w34-40°
Calendula
4911ff
C. officinalis
A
18-24"
BDCE
ES-F*
DS TP DF
6-8
C
4-10
Cv
Canary Creeper
4932
Tropaeolum pereginum
A
8'
BV
LS-F
DW TP
6-8
C
7-14
PsCv
Candytuft
4935
Iberis odorata
A
20"
BGF
MS-LS
DWG
M
14-21
 
Catmint, Persian
4937
Nepeta mussinii
P
12"
BG
Sp-MS
TP DS DF
6-8
C
10-14
 
Celosia, Crested/Cockscomb
4943
Celosia argentea
A
10"
BND
MS-LS
TP
4
W
10-14
 
Celosia, Plume
4948ff
C. a.
A
3-6'
DCNB
LS
TP
8-10
W
10-14
 
Cerinthe
4962
C. major purpurescens
A
12-18"
B
MS-F*
TP DW
6-8
W
7-14
 
Chinese Forget-Me-Not
4965
Cynoglossum amabile
A
18"
B
MS-LS
DW TP
6
M
5-10
 
Chinese Lantern
4968
Physalis alkekengi
P
24"
DNC
MS-F
TP DF
8
W
14-21
PsS, invasive
Cleome
4982ff
C. hasslerana
A
48"
BN
ES-LS
TP DW
4-6
W
7-14
Ch, S
Coleus
4992
Solenostemon scutellar.
A
10-12"
WBN
MS-F
TP
8-10
M
10-14
FsLt
Columbine
4995ff
Aquilegia spp.
P
18-30"
B
Sp-ES
TP DS
6-8
W
14-28
FsLt,Ch3-4w
Coneflower, Prairie
5007
Ratibida columnifera
P
1-3'
B N
MS-LS
TP
6-8
W
7-42
Ch1w
Coreopsis
5012
C. grandiflora
P
18"
BC
ES-F
TP
8-10
C/M
7-21
PsLt
Cosmos
5021ff
C. bipinnatus
SSA
3-5'
BCS
MS-F
DW TP
2-4
W
7-10
Lt
Cosmos, Yellow
5038
C. sulphureus
A
2-3'
BC
MS-F
DW TP
2-4
W
7-10
 
Dagga
5041
Leonotis leonurus
A
6'
B
MS
TP
12-14
C/M
10-21
 
Dahlia
5045
D. x hybrida
A
12-14"
BC
MS-F
TP
6-8
W
7-14
Ps
Daisy
5425ff
Leucanthemum x super.
P
36"
BC
ES-MS
TP
6-8
W
7-14
 
Delphinium
5052ff
D. x cultorum
P
3-6'
BCD
MS-LS
TP
10
M/W
14-21
Ch2-4w
Dianthus (Carnation, Pink)
5061ff
Dianthus spp.
A
12-20"
BCF
MS-LS
TP
8
M
7-10
 
Didiscus
5067
Trachymeme coerulea
A
24"
CB
MS-LS
DW TP
8
W
14-21
 
Dyer’s Broom
5902
Genista tinctoria
P
3'
dye
MS-F
DS
14-21
 
Dyer’s Coreopsis
5904
C. tinctoria
SSA
30"
CB
MS-F
DS TP DF
6-8
C
4-10
S, rugged
Echinacea
4545ff
Echinacea spp.
P
1-3'
BC
MS-LS
TP DW
8-10
W
10-21
Ps
Euphorbia
5075
E. marginata
A
24-36"
CNB
MS-F
DW TP
3
M
9-14
Ps
Flax, Blue
5079
Linum perenne lewisii
P
9-12"
B
ES-LS
DS TP DF
6-8
C
21-28
Ps
Flowering Cabbage/Kale
5082ff
Brassica oleracea
A
8-18"
BNE
F-F*
DSTP
5-7
C
7-14
start Jun for Aug TP
Forget-Me-Not
5091
Myosotis sylvatica
B,P
6-12"
BCG
Sp-ES
DS
8-10
M
8-30
 
Four O’Clock
5095
Mirabilis jalapa
A
24-36"
BF
ES-LS
TP DW
6-8
W
5-10
 
Gaillardia, perennial
5097
Gaillardia aristata
P
24-36"
BC
MS-F
TP DW
6-8
W
14-21
Lt
Gaillardia, annual
5099
G. pulchella
A
12-15"
BW
MS-F
TP
6-8
W
14-21
Lt
Globe Amaranth
5102ff
Gomphrena globosa
A
2'
BD
MS-F*
TP
8-12
M
7-30
Dk, Ch5w
Heliopsis (False Sunflower)
5113
H. scabra
P
3-6'
BCS
MS-F
TP DW
10-12
M
21
 
Heliotrope
5116
Heliotropium arborescens
A
14-18"
FWBC
MS-F
TP
6-8
W
21-28
Ps
Hollyhock
5122ff
Alcea rosea
SSB
4-8'
BS
MS-LS
TP DF
8-9
WM
7-21
St
Honesty (Silver Dollar)
5132
Lunaria annua
B
3'
DN
LS-F
DS TP DF
6
M
14-21
Ps
Impatiens
5142
Impatiens wallerana
A
8-14"
WB
ES-F
TP
10
W
7-21
FsLt
Indigo, Japanese
5911
Polygonum tinctorium
A
1-2'
dye
MS-F
TP
6-8
W
20-60
 
Jacob’s Ladder
5144
Polemonium caeruleum
P
1'
B
ES
TP
8-10
M
20-25
Ps
Job’s Tears
5147
Coix lacryma-jobi
A
24-36"
DN
F
P
6-8
C
7-14
 
Joe Pye Weed
5150
Eupatorium purpureum
P
5-9'
BNC
LS-F
DS DF
M
14-21
S, St
Johnny-Jump-Up
5152
Viola tricolor
SSP
4-6"
EB
Sp-F*
DS DF
M
12-14
Ps
Kiss-Me-over-the-Grdn
5154
Polygonum orientale
A
6-7'
NSB
MS-F
DS DF TP
4-6
W
14-20
Cv, St
Larkspur
5160ff
Consolida spp.
A
24-36"
BCD
ES-F*
DS TP DF
6-8
C
14-28
PsCv, Ch1w
Lavatera
5171ff
L. trimestris
A
20-36"
BC
MS-F
DS TP
6-8
C
14-21
PsCv
Lobelia
5180
Lobelia erinus
A
4"
BW
ES-F
TP
6-8
M
20
PsS, Lt
Love-in-a-Mist
5184ff
Nigella spp.
A
15-24"
BD
MS-F
DS TP
6
M
10-14
 
Love-Lies-Bleeding
4831
Amaranthus caudatus
A
24-48"
BND
MS-F
TP
5-6
W
7-10
PP
Lupine
5195ff
Lupinus polyphyllus
P
36"
B
ES
DS TP DF
6-8
C/M
14-60
PsSk, PP
Madder
5913
Rubia tinctorium
P
4'
dye
TP
8
W
14
 
Maltese Cross
5203
Lychnis chalcedonica
P
28-40"
BC
MS
TP
8-10
M
7-14
Ps
Marigold
5211ff
Tagetes spp.
A
8-30"
BCW
MS-F
TP DW
3
W
5-8
Dk
Mignonette
5255
Reseda odorata
A
10-15"
F
ES-LS
DW
M
10-14
PsS, Lt
Morning Glory
5271ff
Ipomoea spp.
A
8-12'
VS
ES-F
DW TP
3
W
10-21
Sc, Sk, PP
Nasturtium
5280ff
Tropaeolum spp.
A
12-16"
BEWC
ES-F
DW TP
3
M
10-14
Cv
Nicotiana
5300
Nicotiana sylvestris
A
4-6'
FN
MS-F
DS TP
6-8
W
7-14
Lt
Painted Tongue
5303
Salpiglossis sinuata
A
15"
BC
ES-F
TP
6-8
M
14-21
 
Pansy
5304ff
Viola x wittrockiana
A
6"
BCW
Sp-ES
TP DF?
8-9
C
14-21
PsDk
Pearly Everlasting
5314
Anaphalis margaritacea
P
18-24"
DCB
MS-F
DS TP
6-8
C
10-60
 
Petunia
5321ff
P. x hybrida
A
4-6"
WBG
ES-F
TP
8
W
7-14
Lt
Phlox, annual
5335ff
P. drummondii
A
6-8"
BC
ES-F*
TP DS
8
C
7-14
Ps
Phlox, perennial
5339
P. paniculata
P
36"
BC
LS-F
TP DF
10-12
C
21-30
PsSt
Pincushion Flower
5341
Scabiosa atropurpurea
A
36"
BC
MS-F*
TP DW
4-5
M
14-21
 
Poppy, Oriental
5345
Papaver orientale
P
16"
BND
Sp-ES
DS
7-14
Lt
Poppy, annual
5350ff
Papaver spp.
SSA
24-48"
BCND
MS-LS
DF DS
14-21
 
Poppy, California
5381ff
Eschscholzia californica
A
8-12"
B
MS-LS
DS
14-21
 
Poppy, Mexican Tulip
5384
Hunnemannia fumariifolia
A
2'
BCND
MS-LS
DS, DF
14-21
 
Red Hot Poker
5343
Kniphofia uvaria
P
32"
BCN
MS-LS
TP
8-10
M
21-28
PP
Rudbeckia, perennial
5393
R. fulgida
P
24"
BC
MS-LS
TP
6-8
W
7-21
Lt
Rudbeckia, annual
5395ff
R. hirta
A
24-36"
BCN
ES-LS
TP DF?
6-10
W
14-21
 
Sage, Gentian
5411
Salvia patens
A
30"
BC
MS-F
TP
12-14
M/W
14-21
S
Salvia
5406ff
Salvia spp.
A
12-18"
BCD
MS-F
TP
10-12
M
21
S
Schizanthus
5422
Schizanthus pinnatus
A
18"
BC
MS-F
TP
8
C
7-14
PsS, Dk
Snapdragon
5431
Antirrhinum majus
A
30-36"
BC
MS-F*
TP
8-10
C/M
7-14
PsCh2w, Lt
Sneezeweed
5434
Helenium autumnale
P
4-5'
BC
LS-F
TP
6-8
M
14-21
 
Statice
5444ff
Limonium sinuatum
A
24-30"
DCB
MS-F
TP
8-9
M/W
7-14
S
Statice, German
5471
Goniolimon tataricum
P
20"
D
LS-F
TP DS DF
6-8
W
14-21
 
Stock
5475
Matthiola incana
A
12-18"
BC
ES-F*
DS TP
6-8
M
7-14
S
Strawflower
5483ff
Helichrysum bracteatum
A
14-40"
DBC
MS-F
TP
7-8
W
7-14
Lt, S
Sunflower
5500ff, 5906
Helianthus spp.
SSA
2-12'
CNS
LS-F
DW TP
3-4
M/W
7-14
 
Sweet Annie
5603
Artemisia annua
SSA
36-60"
FD
LS-F
DF TP
6-8
C
10-21
PsLt, St
Sweet Pea, perennial
5611
Lathyrus latifolius
P
5-6'
CSV
MS-LS
DS
C
21-28
Sk, Cv
Sweet Pea, annual
5614ff
Lathyrus odoratus
A
1-6'
CFSV
MS-LS
DS TP
6-8
C
14-21
Sk, Cv
Sweet William
5061
Dianthus barbatus
P
18"
FBC
ES
DS TP
6-8
M
7-14
 
Thyme, Creeping
5643
Thymus serpyllum
P
2-3"
FGB
MS-LS
DS TP DF
8-9
C
14-28
PsLt
Tithonia
5647ff
T. rotundifolia
A
4-6'
BNS
MS-F
TP DW
6
W
7-14
 
Verbascum
5657
V. x hybrida
P
2-3'
BC
ES
TP
15-20
C
14-21
 
Verbena
5661ff
Verbena spp.
A
8", 48"
WBC
MS-F
TP
6-8
M
14-21
PsLt, Ch3w
Weld
5928
Reseda luteola
B
4-5'
dye
MS
TP
6-8
M
7-14
S, Lt
Zinnia
5700ff
Zinnia spp.
A
20-42"
BC
MS-F
TP DW
3-4
W
7-14
 
  ff=and following
ABP: A=annual, B=biennial, P=perennial, SS=self-sowing
height: typical height at maturity
uses: B=beds and borders, C=cutting, D=drying, dye=dye plant, E=edible, F=fragrance, G=ground cover, N=novel accent, S=screen, V=vining and climbing, W=windowbox, container
season: peak bloom time: Sp=spring, ES=early summer, MS=midsummer, LS=late summer F=fall until frost, F*=fall after frost
sow: DS=direct sow in spring ASAP, DW=direct sow when soil has warmed or after danger of frost has passed, TP=transplant, DF=direct sow in fall
start: suggested number of weeks before transplanting
temp: suggested soil temperatures for good germination: C=cool, 60-65°, M=moderate, 65-70°, W=warm, 70-85°
days: number of days to seedling emergence
notes: Ps=can grow in partial shade, Fs=can grow in full shade or part shade. (The rest need sun.) Lt=needs light to germinate, S=surface sow, Cv= cover seed, Dk=needs darkness to germinate, Sc=scarify seed with sandpaper or emery board, Sk=soak seed 12-24hrs, St=stratify seed; place in moist soil and freeze or refrigerate or alternate between the fridge and freezer, Ch=chill seed, sometimes specifies duration (d=days, w=weeks) and temperature, PP=use peat pots
 
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