Shrubby thorny low-branching dense tree with glossy deep-green lobed foliage. Upright oval form.
Small white flowers emerge in early spring followed by ½" fruit known as “haws,” which redden in fall. Mealy mild fruit contain 2-3 nutlets and are largely undesirable for fresh eating, though commonly processed for medicinal tea, tincture, syrup or other preserves. In fact, leaves, buds, flowers, fruit and seed are all beneficial to health.
This species is the traditional hawthorn used for centuries as a circulatory and cardiovascular tonic herb. Harvest berries by cutting off loaded branches with pole pruners.
Traditionally used for livestock hedges throughout the world. Use caution around the very sharp thorns, which can puncture tractor tires or shoes!
Adaptable to a wide range of soils. Prefers full sun. Native to Europe and N. Africa. Z4. (9-18" bare-root plants)