Valerianella locusta (45 days) Open-pollinated. A small-seeded small-leaved strain that performs especially well in cool or cold conditions and is the best kind for overwintering. Susan Coombs of Newton, Mass., reported it happily growing in her garden in February. May be the same variety grown for Thomas Jefferson in 1810 under the name Candia. Cold-hardy. ③
3102 Verte de Cambrai Mâche
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About 10,000-10,600 seeds/oz.
Also known as Corn Salad, Lamb’s Lettuce, Field Salad and Fetticus, mâche has a unique nutty flavor.
Culture: Mâche seed requires 10–14 days to germinate. Never start in soil temperatures above 68° as excessive warmth triggers seed dormancy.
From Susan Lipari of Alpine, NY: “I grew up in Germany, and mâche was a staple winter salad green…Even here, in upstate NY, Zone 5, it is quite untouched by the cold of winter. I harvest mâche all through the winter, sometimes scraping the snow off the rosettes and blowing on my freezing hands…In the spring, mâche begins to bolt…In late September…the seeds germinate and begin to grow. By the middle or end of October I can start to harvest the new crop…No Thanksgiving…dinner would be complete in my family without ‘Rapunzel’ salad.”
Days to maturity are from emergence after direct seeding.
All greens are open-pollinated except where noted.
Culture: When to harvest greens? Research from trials conducted in England and Kenya showed looseleaf lettuce, red chard and arugula harvested in the evening had a longer shelf life than when picked in the morning.
For the latest results of our germination tests, please see the germination page.