For all peppers, days to full-color maturity are from transplanting date.
~160 seeds/g. Capsicum comes from the Greek kapto which means ‘bite.’
Culture: Very tender, will not tolerate frost, dislike wind, will not set fruit in cold or extremely hot temperatures or in drought conditions. Start indoors in March or April. Set out in June. Black plastic highly recommended. Row cover improves fruit set in windy spots. Pick first green peppers when they reach full size to increase total yield significantly. Green peppers, though edible, are not ripe. Peppers ripen to red, yellow, orange, etc.
Minimum germination soil temperature 60°, optimal range 68-95°, optimal temperature 80°. Emergence is 13 days at 68°, only 8 days at 77 or 86°. 70% normal seedlings at 59° increases to 98% at 77°.
- BLS: Bacterial Leaf Spot
- CMV: Cucumber Mosaic Virus
- TMV: Tobacco Mosaic Virus
Seed-saving tips: Use only the first fruits for seed; allow only 3–4 fruits per plant to grow and remove all others. Fewer fruits = larger seeds = greater seed viability. Later fruits often have germination rates of only 60%.