Avg. 140–160/g, with a range from 100–200/g.
Hybrid pepper seed is expensive so A-size packets are modest. 0.1g packets contain 10-20 seeds. We pack by weight and not by seed count so there will be variation.
Chiles have been consumed in Mexico for more than 5,000 years. In the U.S. hot peppers have increased dramatically in popularity.
Capsaicin compounds cause most of the heat in peppers. Warm nighttime temperatures stimulate maximum development of capsaicins and increase pungency levels. Pungency is expressed in Scoville units, after Wilbur Scoville, an Englishman who devised the method used for eighty years to measure the heat in peppers.
Some Scoville ratings for general categories are: sweet bell, Banana and Pimiento peppers 0, Ancho & Poblano 1–2k, Anaheim 0.5–2.5k, Bulgarian Carrot 2.5k, Jalapeño 2.5–8k, Chipotle 5–8k, Long thick Cayenne 6–8.5k, Hot Wax 5–9k, Serrano 8–22k, Aji & Cayenne 30–50k, Super Chili 40–50k, Thai 50–100k, Orange Habanero/Scotch Bonnet 150–325k, commercially available pepper spray for self-defense 2–3M, police-grade spray 5.3M, capsaicin 15–16M.
If you overdose on hot peppers, plain carbs like bread, rice or tortillas are better than any liquid at removing the heat from your mouth. Handle hot peppers with caution; capsaicin is highly alkaloid and can burn skin.
For all peppers, days to full-color maturity are from transplanting date.
~160 seeds/g. Capsicum comes from the Greek kapto which means ‘bite.’
Culture: Very tender, will not tolerate frost, dislike wind, will not set fruit in cold or extremely hot temperatures or in drought conditions. Start indoors in March or April. Set out in June. Black plastic highly recommended. Row cover improves fruit set in windy spots. Pick first green peppers when they reach full size to increase total yield significantly. Green peppers, though edible, are not ripe. Peppers ripen to red, yellow, orange, etc.
Minimum germination soil temperature 60°, optimal range 68-95°, optimal temperature 80°. Emergence is 13 days at 68°, only 8 days at 77 or 86°. 70% normal seedlings at 59° increases to 98% at 77°.
- BLS: Bacterial Leaf Spot
- CMV: Cucumber Mosaic Virus
- TMV: Tobacco Mosaic Virus
Seed-saving tips: Use only the first fruits for seed; allow only 3–4 fruits per plant to grow and remove all others. Fewer fruits = larger seeds = greater seed viability. Later fruits often have germination rates of only 60%.