Caballero Ancho
Caballero Ancho

Caballero Ancho Hot Pepper

(65 days green, 84 days red ripe) F-1 hybrid. This Caballero gallantly galloped up to replace Tiburon. These relatively mild hot peppers have a perfect balance of heat and sweet rich flavor in their thick flesh and ribs. Known as Poblanos when green and Anchos when dried, they are used for roasting, stuffing, making chili powder and sauces, especially the classic mole. Large uniform glossy very dark green 3-lobed elongated fruit (3½–5" long x 3" wide) with a recessed stem will mature to a deep brick red. Extremely productive in northern climates, the 3½' tall plants set 12–20 fruits per plant. Staking may be necessary. Approx. 1800 Scoville units. NEW!


3811 Caballero Ancho
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A: 20 seeds for $2.80  
B: 60 seeds for $6.60  
C: 200 seeds for $19.00  
D: 500 seeds for $39.00  
E: 1,000 seeds for $68.00  
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Additional Information

Hot Peppers

Avg. 140–160/g, with a range from 100–200/g.

Hybrid pepper seed is expensive so A-size packets are modest. 0.1g packets contain 10-20 seeds. We pack by weight and not by seed count so there will be variation.

Chiles have been consumed in Mexico for more than 5,000 years. In the U.S. hot peppers have increased dramatically in popularity.

Capsaicin compounds cause most of the heat in peppers. Warm nighttime temperatures stimulate maximum development of capsaicins and increase pungency levels. Pungency is expressed in Scoville units, after Wilbur Scoville, an Englishman who devised the method used for eighty years to measure the heat in peppers.

Some Scoville ratings for general categories are: sweet bell, Banana and Pimiento peppers 0, Ancho & Poblano 1–2k, Anaheim 0.5–2.5k, Bulgarian Carrot 2.5k, Jalapeño 2.5–8k, Chipotle 5–8k, Long thick Cayenne 6–8.5k, Hot Wax 5–9k, Serrano 8–22k, Aji & Cayenne 30–50k, Super Chili 40–50k, Thai 50–100k, Orange Habanero/Scotch Bonnet 150–325k, commercially available pepper spray for self-defense 2–3M, police-grade spray 5.3M, capsaicin 15–16M.

If you overdose on hot peppers, plain carbs like bread, rice or tortillas are better than any liquid at removing the heat from your mouth. Handle hot peppers with caution; capsaicin is highly alkaloid and can burn skin.

Peppers

Capsicum annuum

For all peppers, days to full-color maturity are from transplanting date.

~160 seeds/g. Capsicum comes from the Greek kapto which means ‘bite.’

Culture: Very tender, will not tolerate frost, dislike wind, will not set fruit in cold or extremely hot temperatures or in drought conditions. Start indoors in March or April. Set out in June. Black plastic highly recommended. Row cover improves fruit set in windy spots. Pick first green peppers when they reach full size to increase total yield significantly. Green peppers, though edible, are not ripe. Peppers ripen to red, yellow, orange, etc.

Minimum germination soil temperature 60°, optimal range 68-95°.

Diseases:

  • BLS: Bacterial Leaf Spot
  • CMV: Cucumber Mosaic Virus
  • TMV: Tobacco Mosaic Virus

Seed-saving tips: Use only the first fruits for seed; allow only 3–4 fruits per plant to grow and remove all others. Fewer fruits = larger seeds = greater seed viability. Later fruits often have germination rates of only 60%.