Piracicaba
Piracicaba

Piracicaba Broccoli, Non-Heading

(56 days) Open-pollinated. This broccolini type has garnered many accolades. Several growers prefer its flavor to that of hybrid broccoli and noticed their customers increasingly choosing it instead. “People were buying four or five bunches at a time and I couldn’t bring enough to market,” observed Carol Thomas of Sweet Briar Herb Farm in Onalaska, Wash. About halfway between a heading broccoli and a broccoli raab, these succulent tender small green heads with very large beads make delightful raw eating. Very loose heads, lots of side shoots, sweet stalks. Even the fairly large leaves make excellent greens. Garden writer Barbara Damrosch found it delicious steamed. Alan LePage says sidedressing it in the summer yields great cuttings in the fall. NY State trialers report it is best as a fall crop with relatively good frost tolerance, although it was bred in Brazil in the eponymous city (pronounced peer-a-SEA-cah-bah) to withstand heat.


3327 Piracicaba
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A: 2g for $2.60  
B: 4g for $4.60  
C: 14g for $10.00  
D: 28g for $16.00  
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E: 112g for $50.00  
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K: 448g for $180.00   ($171.00)
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Additional Information

Broccoli

Brassica oleracea (botrytis group)

2 g packet sows 45 ft. Average varies by cultivar from ~5,000–8,000 seeds/oz; 175–280 seeds/g.

Culture: Start broccoli indoors March–May for setting out May–July, or direct-seed in May or June for fall crop. Easier as a fall crop because many varieties perform poorly in hot summers. For better stands in dry conditions sow in trenches and keep irrigated. Broccoli dislikes the extreme temperature and moisture fluctuations we have endured in recent seasons. Climate change is making it a challenge to grow even the more heat-tolerant varieties in the summer, while at the same time broadening opportunities in our longer more temperate falls.

Nutrition and disclaimer: Broccoli contains significant levels of sulforaphane, a substance that helps detoxify carcinogens from the body. Some years back, research indicating that broccoli seed sprouts are higher in sulforaphane than the vegetable itself caused a run on open-pollinated broccoli seeds. The broccoli seed we offer is seed grade, and it is not fit for human consumption as sprouts. It is not stored in food-safe sanitary conditions before it reaches us. For sprouting seed, please contact your natural foods supplier.

Disease: Head Rot
Cultural controls: use well-domed varieties, harvest heads when tight, cut stalks at an angle.
Material: copper

Brassica

Days to maturity are from direct seeding. Subtract 20 days from date of transplanting.

Note: We cannot ship packets greater than ½ oz. (14 grams) of any Brassica into the Willamette Valley. The State of Oregon prohibits shipping any commercial quantity of untreated Brassica, Raphanus or Sinapis because of a quarantine to control Blackleg.

Culture: Hardy. Require warm temperatures to germinate (68-86° ideal) but need 60s during seedling stage for optimal growth; higher temperatures make seedlings leggy. Heavy feeders; for best growth, need regular moisture and 2–3' spacing. Have done well for us succeeding onions and garlic in beds. Cauliflower and broccoli are damaged by hard frosts, especially in spring.

Young broccoli sproutlings make good microgreens.

Diseases:

  • BR: Black Rot
  • BS: Bacterial Speck
  • DM: Downy Mildew
  • FY: Fusarium Yellows
  • TB: Tipburn

Pests & diseases: Major pests: Cabbage Looper, Diamondback Moth, Imported Cabbageworm
Cultural controls: control cabbage-family weeds near crop fields, till under crop debris of early-season brassicas after harvest.
Materials: Spinosad, Bt.

Pest: Flea Beetle
Cultural controls: floating row covers, mulch with straw, time plantings for fall harvested crops only, crop rotation, perimeter trap cropping.
Materials: Spinosad, PyGanic, Mycotrol.

Pest: Cabbage Root Maggot
Cultural controls: time planting to avoid first hatching, use row covers, control weeds.

Major diseases: Black Rot, Alternaria Leaf Spot, Blackleg, Club Root, Downy Milldew, White Mold
Cultural controls: avoid transplanting plants with yellow leaves or v-shaped lesions, crop rotation, destroy crop debris after harvest, avoid overhead irrigation, control weeds, allow for good air movement.
Materials: Actinovate, copper compounds may help for some of these diseases.