Daffodils, or Narcissus, are found around the foundations of abandoned homesteads because they return year after year as long as the soil is well drained and the foliage is not cut until it has completely died back. Deer and other critters will not eat them, as they are toxic to animals and people. Cheerful, reliable and dependable for beds, borders, cutflowers, forcing, and naturalizing.
Daffodils thrive in full sun and in dappled shade. Pink, orange and red varieties hold their color longest during cool wet springs. In a dry season, water late varieties in mid spring to ensure bloom.
Narcissus descriptions end with approximate height at flowering time, relative bloom time, USDA hardiness zones, bulb size, and division number (below) with color code: Petal color–Cup color. More than one letter describes color from base to rim. White, Yellow, Pink, Orange, Red.
All Narcissus are classified into one of 13 divisions. The first 12 are all daffodil cultivars, the last is botanicals. Defining features include the number of flowers per stem, the size and shape of the the flower’s cup and the surrounding petals and the ratio between the two; or evidence of traits from a parent species.
defining characteristics of flowers
|corona (trumpet) as long as, or longer than, the perianth|
|corona (cup) more than 1/3 but less than the full length of the perianth|
|doubling of perianth or corona or both|
|pendent flowers with reflexed (back-swept) perianth|
|highly reflexed perianth, on a short neck (pedicel)|
|perianth spreading or reflexed, cup wider than long, fragrant|
|perianth segments spreading, not reflexed, fragrant|
|disc-shaped white perianth, cup with a red rim and green or yellow eye; fragrant|
|includes Collar & Papillon (French for butterfly); corona split more than half its length|
|*Cultivars in these classes show evidence of characteristics of parentage from that species, e.g. N. triandrus, N. poeticus. |
Divisions not offered this year: 10, Bulbocodium*; 12, Other; 13, Botanical.
All Narcissus we offer are Topsize bulbs, except as noted.
Descriptions and Codes
Click here for bulb planting information and charts.