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Cover Crops at a Glance
Seeding Rate*
Organic Matter produced/acre
Cat #
Description
Planting Time**
#/1000ft2
#/acre
Best Uses***
Grasses and Grains
8011-3 Red Fescue LSu, F
2-3#
100-130#
lawn, pasture  
8021-2 Orchard Grass Sp, Su or W
1/4#
10#
pasture, hay 2,000-5,000#
8031-3 Annual Ryegrass ESp, EF
1/2 -2#
14-35#
pasture, soil builder, weed control, erosion control, N trap crop 3,300-4,000#
8036-43 Perennial Ryegrass ESp
1/2 -2#
25-80#
pasture, weed control, N trap crop 3,300-4,000#
8046-8 Sorghum/Sudangrass ESu
1#
40#
pasture, soil builder, weed control, pest control, N trap crop, erosion control 4,000-5,000#
8051-3 CR Lawn Mix Sp or F
4#
160#
lawn  
8061-3 Early Riser Corn LSp or ESu
1/2#
15#
feedcorn, silage, cornmeal  
8071-3 Wapsie Valley Corn LSp or ESu
1/2#
15#
feedcorn, silage  
8076-8 Timothy Sp or F
1/2#
15-20#
hay, pasture 4,400#
8081-3 Pasture Mix Sp
1#
40#
hay, pasture  
8101-3 Barley Sp
3#
110-140#
hay, weed control, edible, N trap crop 8,800#
8111-3 Japanese Buckwheat LSp or Su
1-3#
35-134#
weed control, P and Ca trap crop, edible, bees  
8116-8 Tartary Buckwheat Sp
1-3#
35-134#
soil builder, edible, bees  
8121-3 Japanese Millet Sp
3/4#
30#
weed control, soil builder, silage, hay  
8126-8 Jerry Oats ESp, LSu, EF
3-4#
120-160#
soil builder, grain, weed control 7,000-9,000# spring
erosion control, straw 3,000-5,000# fall
8141-3 Hulless Oats ESp, F
2#
80#
soil builder, weed control, edible  
8151-3 Winter Rye LSu, F
2-5#
60-200#
soil builder, weed control, trap crop, edible, erosion control 3,000-4,000#
8161-3 Winter Wheat LSu or EF
2#
80#
soil builder, weed control, edible  
8171-3 Spring Wheat, Red Fife ESp
2-3#
100-120#
soil builder, edible  
8181-3 Forage Radish F
1/2#
8-20#
trap crop, erosion control, soil builder  
8186-8 Kodiak Mustard Sp or F
1/2-1#
15-20#
soil builder, nematode control 10,000-12,000#
8191-4 Oil Seed Sunflower LSp or ESu
1/10#-1/4#
5-8#
oil, wildlife, silage  
Legumes & Clovers
8201-4 Alfalfa Sp or F
1/2#
15-20#
hay, pasture, N-fixer, soil builder, bees 2,000-4,000#
8206-8 Austrian Winter Pea ESp or F
1/2#
15-30#
hay, pasture, N-fixer, soil builder 2,000-4,000#
8211-3 Bell Bean ESp or F
2-4#
80-170#
nitrogen, N-fixer, soil conditioner 1,800-7,200#
8221-3 Field Pea ESp
3-5#
100-220#
pasture, hay, N-fixer, soil builder, weed control 5,100#
8231-3 Hairy Vetch F
1/2-1#
20-40#
N-fixer, soil builder 3,000-4,000#
8236-9 Sanfoin Sp or F
1-2#
40#
pasture, hay, wildlife, bees  
8251-3 PVO Mix ESp
5#
212#
soil builder, N-fixer 8,000#
8261-3 Vetch/Rye Mix F
2#
90#
N-fixer, soil builder, weed control 3,000-4,000#
8306-9 Crimson Clover Sp
1/4-2#
9-40#
pasture, hay, N-fixer, soil builder, weed control 2,500-3,000#
8316-9 Mammoth Red Clover Sp, F or W
1/2#
7-18#
N-fixer, hay, pasture, soil builder 4,500#
8321-4 Medium Red Clover Sp, F or W
1/2#
7-18#
N-fixer, hay, pasture, soil builder, bees 4,000-6,000#
8331-4 Dutch White Clover Sp or F
1/4#
6-14#
lawn, N-fixer, soil builder, bees little
8336-9 Alice White Clover F or W
1/10#
4#
pasture, N-fixer, soil builder, bees  
8341-4 NZ White Clover Sp or F
1/4#
6-14#
N-fixer, soil builder, erosion control, bees little
8351-4 Yellow Sweet Clover Sp
1/2-1#
9-20#
pasture, N-fixer, soil builder, bees 7,500#
*Seeding rates vary depending on use and method of seeding.  
**Sp=Spring; ESp=Early spring; LSp=late spring; Su=summer; ESu=early summer; LSu=late summer; EF=early fall; F=fall; W=frost-seeding in winter.
***bees=provides bee forage for honey production
edible=produces a grain or bean suitable for human consumption
erosion control=roots hold soil well
hay=maintains nutritional quality when dried
lawn=suitable for heavy traffic areas, withstands mowing
N-fixer=green manure legume makes nitrogen available to subsequent crops when tilled into soil
pasture=superior nutrition and yield, withstands grazing
pest control=reduces insect, disease, or nematode pressure
soil builder=green manure, produces high levels of organic matter and improves soil structure
trap crop=scavenges nutrients from soil, making them available to subsequent crops
weed control=physically out-competes or chemically inhibits weeds
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